Things You Need To Know About Chronic Liver Disease


Your liver is the largest organ of your body. It performs many essential functions for your survival. The functions of the liver can be summarized as;

  1. It removes wastes from your body.
  2. Metabolizes food and medicines
  3. Produces bile for digestion
  4. Makes new proteins
  5. Stores energy in the form of glycogen

Chronic liver disease is also known as cirrhosis. It is a condition in which scarring of normal tissue takes place in your liver, that affects its functioning. If you are suffering from any liver problem, visit a top internal medicine specialist in Rawalpindi.

What are The Signs and Symptoms of Chronic Liver Disease?

The signs and symptoms of chronic liver disease include:

  1. Extreme fatigue
  2. Weight loss
  3. Nausea and vomiting
  4. Pale skin/jaundice
  5. Ascites-fluid filled in the abdomen
  6. Swelling in ankles and legs
  7. Spider-like veins
  8. Itching
  9. Pale stool colour
  10. Dark urine

What Can Cause Chronic Liver Disease?

Your lifestyle, what you drink and what you eat plays a role in ruling out the cause for chronic liver disease. Since everything you consume metabolizes through the liver, unhealthy foods and drinks consumption can negatively affect it. Moreover, certain medications can also lead to chronic liver diseases when consumed for long periods. The following can be the causes of chronic liver disease:

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease-it occurs due to obesity, eating fat-rich diet and unhealthy lifestyle.

Alcoholic liver disease-lifetime alcohol consumption affects your liver functioning, hence causing cirrhosis.

Hepatitis and other viruses that affect your liver can lead to chronic liver disease.

Autoimmune disease- a condition in which your body starts working against itself.

Obstruction or damage of bile duct-a tube that carries bile from liver to the intestine

Parasite infections that affect the liver functioning

Heart failure – its repeated episodes that cause blood build up in the liver.

Certain medications

Exposure to harmful substances

Some diseases that are passed over from parents to offsprings like:

Wilson’s disease-in which too much copper builds up in the body

Hemochromatosis-a condition in which iron builds up in the body

Porphyria-a group of disorder in which certain chemicals accumulate in the body

Cystic fibrosis-a hereditary condition that affects the functioning of the lungs and digestive system by producing thick and sticky mucus that clogs up the vessels and obstruct the lungs and pancreas.

Alpha1-antitrypsin deficiency

Glycogen storage diseases

High blood galactose levels

How Can Chronic Liver Disease Be Treated?

Chronic liver disease is damage to the liver that occurs over some time. At times removing the trigger may help in coping up with the condition. Like if liver functioning is getting affected due to excessive alcohol consumption, stopping it may help in getting rid of the condition. However, the damage can not be reversed, but the progression of the diseases can be slowed down or stopped. Moreover, your healthcare provider may ask you to eat a diet low in sodium.


Fighting with chronic liver disease is a painful journey. If you have scars on the liver, make sure you exercise precautions like stop drinking alcohol, eat healthily and do not take medicines without the permission of your physician. If you suffer from any of the above-mentioned symptoms, visit the best internal medicine specialist in Islamabad.

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